What’s the difference between the Present Simple / Present Continuous ?

We use the present simple tense when we want to talk about fixed habits or routines – things that don’t change.

We use the present continuous to talk about actions which are happening at the present moment, but will soon finish.


Compare these two statements:

 I play chess.

– tells us that playing chess is something the speaker often or always does. It is part of a routine or habit. We can call this a permanent situation.

 I am playing chess.

– ‘I am playing chess’ tells us that the speaker is playing tennis right now. Soon the game will be over. We call this a temporary situation.

Now complete the gaps with the correct form, present simple or present continuous.

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This (be)isKath.
She (wear)is wearinga red top today.
She (eat)is eatinga salad at the moment.
Kath (like)likessalads and vegetables.
She (eat)eatssome every single day.
Kath (understand) understands apples are good for her health.

This is Kath.
She  is wearing a red top today.
She is eating a salad at the moment.
Kath likes salads and vegetables.
She eats some every single day.
Kath understands apples are good for her health.