Past Perfect – Grammar – Upper Intermediate


Past perfect –helps us to talk about an earlier past.

When we use it in stories, it can tell us what happened before now or can help us to move into an earlier past.

YOU can get more practice of Narrative tenses by clicking the images below.


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wizofoz

Read and listen to this adapted book extract from ‘ The wizard of Oz’ by Frank L Baum.

Fill in the gaps with the tense you hear.

When Dorothy stood in the doorway and looked around, she could see nothing but the great gray prairie on every side. Not a tree nor a house broke the broad sweep of flat country that reached to the edge of the sky in all directions. The sun had baked the plowed land into a gray mass, with little cracks running through it. Even the grass was not green, for the sun had burned the tops of the long blades until they were the same gray color to be seen everywhere. Once the house had been painted , but the sun had blistered the paint and the rains had washed it away, and now the house was as dull and gray as everything else.

When Dorothy stood in the doorway and looked around, she could see nothing but the great

gray prairie on every side. Not a tree nor a house broke the broad sweep of flat country that

reached to the edge of the sky in all directions. The sun had baked the plowed land into a

gray mass, with little cracks running through it. Even the grass was not green, for the sun

had burned the tops of the long blades until they were the same gray color to be seen

everywhere. Once the house had been painted, but the sun had blistered the paint and the

rains had washed it away, and now the house was as dull and gray as everything else.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by L. Frank Baum

Culture fact – The movie ‘The Wizard of Oz’  – starring Judy Garland, was made in 1939. It was one of the first movies to be made in colour. It is a ‘Christmas movie’ in the UK – it is on TV every year around Christmas time. Almost all British people have seen this film!

ruby1

Read and listen again – Think about when in time things happened – then drag the tenses into the right order below.

see – present simple

broke – past simple ( background)

reached – past simple (background)

plowed – past simple

running – present continuous

was – past simple

were – past simple